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Types of sentences in English
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Every language is made up of alphabets that form words and the correct use of words helps us to make meaningful sentences. One can make sentences but making correct sentences is very important and it is a matter of practice, study, and time. There are different types of sentences from a meaning point of view and from a clause construction point of view. We will study here what is sentence and its types.
What is a sentence?
Generally, we make a variety of sentences while speaking, writing, and thinking. We have to convey some meaning. Keeping this in mind, we prepare different kinds of sentences but basically, the sentence is
A group of words that makes complete sense is called a sentence.
Eg.1) It is. —— makes some sense.
2) Raining heavily.—— makes some sense.
3) It is raining heavily.——- makes complete sense.
Here word complete is very important because every word makes some sense but arranging them correctly to make complete sense needs practice. For that we need to know different types of sentences.
Types of sentences
From a meaning point of view, sentences are divided into four types. They are Statement (assertive sentence) Interrogative sentence, Exclamatory sentence, and Imperative sentence.
From a clause construction point of view, there are three types of sentences. They are Simple sentences, Compound sentences, and Complex sentences. These three types are very important to make meaningful and impressive sentences.
4 types of sentences from the meaning point of view in detail.
1) Statement (assertive sentence )
It makes a simple statement and mostly ends with a full stop.
The statement can be affirmative 1) I like football.
Or it can be negative 2) I don’t like football.
2) Interrogative sentence
It is a simple question asked to get some answer.
There are 2 types of questions. They are WH -questions beginning with WH words like who,which ,what, when where, how , whose, whom
e.g.what are you playing?
and the second type is yes- no type or verbal questions that begin with helping verbs like am,is, are, was ,were, will, shall, do, does, did, have, has, had,can, could, may, might, must, should,etc
e.g. Are you playing football?
3) Exclamatory sentence
Sentences showing strong feelings of exclamation or surprise are called as exclamatory sentences. Mostly they begin with what and how, in the end, there is an exclamatory mark(!)
1)what a good story it is!
2)How good it is!
4) Imperative sentence
Sentences that make request, order, command, advice, suggestion, and urge are called as imperative sentences. In these sentences you is subject but it is not written or spoken.
- (you) open the door.
2) (you) stand up.
3) (you) sit down.
4) (you) please help me.
Why is there an exclamation mark(!) at the end of the imperative sentence?
Sometimes you find an exclamation mark at the end of an imperative sentence.
e.g. Go away from here!
Now the sentence is imperative which generally ends with a full stop but here we have an exclamation mark.
The rule states that if an imperative sentence gives a command then there should be a full stop at the end of it and if the imperative sentence is expressing strong emotions then an exclamation mark is given at its end.
It is so beautiful! (Exclamatory sentence)
Answer my question! (Imperative sentence expressing a feeling)
Types of sentences based on clause construction point of view
There are three main types of sentences based on the clause structure.
1) simple sentence
It has only one main clause.
for example-1) He is a clever cricketer.
2)She is a kind teacher.
2) compound sentence
It has two, or more main clauses connected by coordinating conjunctions like and, or, but, not only- but also, as well as, both- and, either-or, neither -nor.
for example—1)He is a cricketer and he is clever.
2)She is a teacher and she is kind.
3) complex sentence
It has one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses which are connected to the main clause by subordinating conjunctions like who, which, that, because,as, since, for, though, although, even though, if, unless, whether, so that, when, before, after, till,unti.l
for example—- 1)He is a cricketer who is clever.
2)She is a teacher who is kind.
In this way, we have types of sentences based on meaning and clause construction. There are four types of sentences from a meaning point of view. They are 1)Statement 2)Interrogative sentences 3)Exclamatory sentences 4) Imperative sentences.
From a clause construction point of view, there are 3 types of sentences. They are 1) Simple sentences 2) Compound sentences 3) Complex sentences. We should remember them properly to make our writing and speaking effectively.
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