Shree Ganeshay Namah
What are pronouns, definition, subtypes and examples in English grammar
Table of Contents
Most of our sentences begin with nouns but it is not comfortable to repeat nouns again and again. So we use pronouns like I, we, you, they, he, she, it instead of repeating nouns. The best definition of a pronoun is that it is the word used instead of a noun.
The good thing about pronouns is that their number is less and their use is tremendous. So it will be a good idea to learn them all with their usage in sentences.
What is a pronoun
The words which are used instead of nouns are called pronouns.
Now we will see the types of the pronouns
What are the types of pronouns?
1)Personal pronouns-collective list
- I—first person singular pronoun, nominative case(used as a subject in the sentence)Eg. I can help you.
- Me—first person singular pronoun, objective case(used as object) eg. you can help me
3. My—first person singular possessive adjective eg. You should follow my advice.(here advice is noun and my is a possessive adjective qualifying it.)
4. Mine—first person singular possessive pronoun. eg. This book is mine. or you can also say This is my book.
5. Myself—First person singular reflexive pronoun. eg. I finished it myself.
6 . We—First person plural pronoun, a nominative case(used as a subject in the sentence. eg. We can learn new things.
7)Us—First person plural pronoun, objective case(used as an object in the sentence) eg. They called us for the meeting.
8. Our—first person plural possessive adjective. eg. This is our school.
9. Ours—First person plural possessive pronoun. eg. This school is ours.
10. Ourselves—First person plural reflexive pronoun. eg. We should help ourselves.
11. You—Second person singular pronoun, nominative case. eg. You should do regular exercise.
12. You— second person singular pronoun, objective case. eg. I should help you.
13. Your—-second person singular possessive adjective. eg. This is your mobile.
14. Yours—-second person singular possessive pronoun. eg. This mobile is yours.
15. Yourself—second person singular reflexive pronoun. eg. You must do it yourself.
!6.You—-Second person plural pronoun nominative case. eg. You are my best friends.
17. You—second person plural pronoun objective case. eg. I will tell you a story.
18. Your—second person plural pronoun possessive adjective. eg. This is your car.
19. Yours —second person plural possessive pronoun. eg. This car is yours.
20. Yourselves—Second person reflexive pronoun. eg. Students, you should do it yourselves.
21. He —Third person singular pronoun nominative case. eg. He is my friend and philosopher.
22. Him—Third person singular pronoun objective case. eg. I called him.
23. His—Third person singular possessive adjective. eg. This is his car.
24. His— third person singular possessive pronoun. eg. This car is his.
25. Himself—Third person singular reflexive pronoun. eg. He should ask himself.
26. She—third person singular pronoun nominative case. eg. She is a kind person.
27. Her— Third person singular pronoun objective case. eg. I asked her about my book.
28. Her—Third person possessive adjective singular. eg. It is her book.
29. Hers— Third person singular possessive pronoun, eg. This book is hers.
30. Herself—Third person reflexive pronoun. eg. She should do it herself.
31. It—Third person singular pronoun, nominative case. eg. It is my bag.
32. It— third person singular pronoun objective case. eg. she considered it as her motivation.
33. Its—Third person singular possessive adjective. eg. The battery is its important part.
34. Its—Third person singular possessive pronoun. eg. This battery is its.
35. Itself— Third person singular reflexive pronoun. eg. It should work itself.
36. They— Third person plural pronoun nominative case. eg. They are busy in work.
37. Them— Third person plural pronoun objective case. eg. We helped them.
38. Their—Third person plural pronoun possessive adjective. eg. I observed their projects.
39. Theirs— Third person plural possessive pronoun. eg. These books are theirs.
40. Themselves— Third person plural reflexive pronoun .eg. They should find it themselves.
1) This— singular demonstrative pronoun. eg.This is a book.
2) These—plural of this, demonstrate pronoun .eg. These are books.
3) That— singular demonstrative pronoun. eg. That is a book.
4) Those—plural of that, demonstrative pronoun eg. Those are books.
Note—Remember this is used to demonstrate things near to us and that is used to demonstrate things far away from us.
3) Indefinite pronouns—
1) Another- eg. This book is another for us.
2) Anyone-Anyone can tell you the truth.
3) Anything- Anything can happen here.
4) Each-Each is used for making a good product.
5)Either-You should take either.
6) Enough-Enough has been said about the incident.
7) Everyone- Everyone wants to become successful.
8) Everything- Everything is ready d for the taste.
9) Anybody-Anybody can achieve success with hard work.
10) Nobody- Nobody is ready to take responsibility.
11) Everybody- Everybody is happy because of the festival season.
12)Less- Less is more for me.
13) Little- Little is sufficient for us.
14) Much- I don’t want much.
15) Neither- Neither is good for you.
16) No one- No one is ready to break the ice.
17) Nothing- Nothing is lost in life as everything is counted.
18) Other-I can’t bring other.
19)One- I found missing one.
20) Someone-Someone is in the need of your help.
21) Something- Something started to trouble me.
22)Any- I don’t want any.
1)Both-Both are ready to accept the challenge.
2)Few-we need few.
3) Fewer- Fewer are ready to accept my proposal.
4) Many-Many are making mistakes.
5) Others- Others are also invited.
6) Several- -Several are coming for the meeting.
7)All- All are ready for the adventure.
8) More-More should be done here.
9)Most- Most are wasting time.
10)Some- Some wanted to go there.
3) Relative pronouns—
Used to prepare adjective clauses.
1)Who-I saw a boy who was busy in study
2) Which-we visited the fort which was ruined.
3) That- She found a bag that was full of books.
4)Whom-I found the person whom I wanted to meet.
5)Why-This is the reason why she was late.
6) When-March is the month when we have holidays.
7) Where-I know the factory where he works.
8) Whose- We called the man whose car was parked in the middle of the road.
5) Interrogative pronouns
1) What- what are you talking about?
2) Which- which are good qualities?
3)Who-who will win the race?
4) Whose-whose is this?
5) Whom- Whom do you want to meet?
In this way, we have the complete list of pronouns with their examples of use in the sentences. I hope it will be helpful for all. How do you like it, please let me know through your comments.
All the best.
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