Types of sentences in English based on meaning and clause construction


Every language is made up of alphabets which form words and the correct use of words helps us to make meaningful sentences . One can make sentences but making correct sentences is very important and it is the matter of practice, study and time . There are different types of sentences from meaning point of view and from clause construction point of view. We will study here what is sentence and its types.

What is a sentence?

Generally we make variety of sentences while speaking, writing and thinking. We have to convey some meaning . Keeping this in mind , we prepare different kinds of sentences but basically sentence is

A group of words which makes complete sense.

Eg.1) It is. —— makes some sense.

2) Raining heavily.—— makes some sense.

3) It is raining heavily.——- makes complete sense.

Here word complete is very important because every word makes some sense but arranging them correctly to make complete sense needs practice. For that we need to know different types of sentences.

Types of sentences——

From meaning point of view sentences are divided in four types. They are Statement (assertive sentence) Interrogative sentence , Exclamatory sentence, Imperative sentence.

From clause construction point of view, there are three types of sentences . They are Simple sentence, Compound sentence, Complex sentence. These three types are very important to make meaningful and impressive sentences.

let’s see 4 types of sentences from meaning point of view in detail.

1) Statement (assertive sentence )—

It makes simple statement and mostly ends with full stop.

Statement can be affirmative 1) I like football.

Or it can be negative 2) I don’t like football.

2) Interrogative sentence—

It is a simple question asked to get some answer.

There are 2 types of questions. They are WH -questions beginning with WH words like who,which ,what, when where, how ,whose, whom and second type is yes- no type or verbal questions they begin with helping verbs like am,is, are, was ,were, will, shall, do, does, did, have, has, had,can, could, may, might, must, should,etc

3) Exclamatory sentence

Sentences showing strong feelings of exclamation or surprise are called as exclamatory sentences. Mostly the begin with what and how,in the end there is exclamatory mark(!)

1)what a good story it is!

2)How good it is!

4) Imperative sentence

Sentences that make request, order, command, advice, suggestion, urge are called as imperative sentences. In these sentences you is subject but it is not written or spoken.

  1. (you) open the door.

2) (you) stand up.

3) (you) sit down.

4) (you) please help me.

Types of sentences from clause construction point of view

There are three main types of sentences based on the clause structure.

1) simple sentence

It has only one main clause.

for example-1) He is a clever cricketer.

2)She is a kind teacher.

2) compound sentence

It has two, or more main clauses connected by coordinating conjunctions like and, or, but, not only- but also, as well as, both- and, either-or, neither -nor.

for example—1)He is a cricketer and he is clever.

2)She is a teacher and she is kind.

3) complex sentence

It has one main clause and one or more subordinate clauses which are connected to main clause by subordinating conjunctions like who, which, that, because ,as, since, for, though, although, even though, if, unless, whether, so that, when,before, after, till ,unti.l

for example—- 1)He is a cricketer who is clever.

2)She is a teacher who is kind.


In this way we have types of sentences based on meaning and clause construction. We should remember them properly to make our writing and speaking effective.

Dipak D. Jagtap: Always the learner.Having spent 16 years in English language training, its time now to reach the world to learn more and to share my experience and practices....

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