The best and simplest method to remember 12 tenses and exercises

Introduction—

It is said that if you want to master any language, first master tenses which can be compared to clutch, brake and accelerator of vehicle. If you want to ride or drive safely, you should use them properly. In the same way, if you want to ride or drive your language smoothly, master its grammar especially its tenses.

There are different methods for remembering tenses. You can practice, memorise, write and lot more. Here i am going to tell you my method which has made me 100% perfect in the use of tenses. Once you get command over tenses, you will find even other grammar topics easy to understand.

It is because the base of any language is the way to express time which is tense. Even I would like to confess that the knowledge of English tenses has helped me understand my native languages properly as most of the languages have same tense structures except some regional a variations.

So get ready to learn

my personal method to master tenses

First basic reminder—

3 main tenses–1)Present tense 2)Past tense 3)Future tense

4 subtypes of each main tense—1)Simple 2)Continuous(Progressive) 3)Perfect 4) perfect continuous(Progressive)

Altogether there are 12 main tenses in active voice and there are 8 tenses in passive voice from active voice.

Again I studied each tense from these 12 tense in 4 types of sentences.

They are

1)Affirmative(Assertive) sentences

2)Negative sentences

3)Interrogative sentences

4)Interrogative negative sentences

Final count of 12 active voice sentences goes to 48 with above 4 types of sentences.

Now we will study the easiest way to master all these 48 tense structures. Here we will see formula (syntax/rule) for sentences with object for convenience of memorizing. For other sentences without objects we can omit object from our formula.

1)Formulas of 12 main tenses affirmative, negative, interrogative and interrogative negative

1.simple present tense affirmative—

Subject+v1+s/es + object.

a)We grow trees.

b)He grows trees.

2.simple present tense negative–

Subject+ do/does+not+v1+ object.

a)We do not grow trees.

b)He does not grow trees.

3.simple present tense interrogative—

Do/does+ subject+v1+object+?

a)Do we grow trees?

b)Does he grow trees?

4)Simple present tense interrogative negative—

Do/does+ subject+not+v1+object+?

a)Do we not grow trees?

b)Do we not grow trees?

5)Present continuous tense affirmative—

Subject +am/is/are+v1+ing+object.

a)We are growing trees.

b)He is growing trees.

6)Present continuous tense negative—

Subject +am/is/are+not+v1+ing+object.

a)We are not growing trees.

b)He is not growing trees.

7)Present continuous tense interrogative—

Am/is/are+ subject+v1+ing+object+?

a)Are we growing trees?

b)Is he growing trees?

8)Present continuous tense interrogative negative—

Am/is/are+ subject+not+v1+ing+object+?

a)Are we not growing trees?

b)Is he not growing trees.

9)Present perfect tense affirmative—

Subject +have/has+v3+object.

a)We have grown trees.

b)He has grown trees.

10)Present perfect tense negative—

Subject +have/has+not+v3+object.

a)We have not grown trees.

b)He has not grown trees.

11)Present perfect tense interrogative—

Have/has+ subject+v3+object+?

a)Have we grown trees?

b)Has he grown trees?

12)Present perfect tense interrogative negative—

Have/has+ subject+not+v3+object+?

a)Have we not grown trees?

b)Has he not grown trees?

13)Present perfect continuous tense affirmative—

Subject +have/has+been+v1+ing+object+since/for+ time+ R.P.S.

a)We have been growing trees since long time.

b)He has been growing trees since long time.

14)Present perfect continuous tense negative–

Subject +have/has+not+been+v1+ing+object+since/for+ time+ R.P.S.

a)We have not been growing trees since long time.

b)He has not been growing trees since long time.

15)Present perfect continuous tense interrogative—-

Have/has+subject+been+v1+ing+object+since/for+ time+ R.P.S.+?

a)Have we been growing trees since long time?

b)Has he been growing trees since long time?

16)Present perfect continuous tense interrogative negative—

Have/has+subject+not+been+v1+ing+object+since/for+ time+ R.P.S.+?

a)Have we not been growing trees since long time?

b)Has he not been growing trees since long time?

17)Simple past tense—

Subject+v2+object

a)We grew trees.

b)He grew trees.

18)Simple past tense negative—

Subject+ did+not+v1+object

a)We did not grow trees.

b)He did not grow trees.

19)Simple past tense interrogative—

Did+subject+v1+object+?

a)Did we grow trees?

b)Did he grow trees?

20)Simple past tense interrogative negative—

Did+subject+not+v1+object+?

a)Did we not grow trees?

b)Did he not grow trees?

21)Past continuous tense affirmative—

Subject+ was/were+v1+ing+object

a)We were growing trees.

b)He was growing trees.

22)Past continuous tense negative–

Subject+ was/were+not+v1+ing+object

a)We were not growing trees.

b)He was not growing trees.

23)Past continuous tense interrogative–

Was/were+subject+v1+ing+object+?

a)Were we growing trees?

b)Was he growing trees?

24)Past continuous tense interrogative negative–

Was/were+subject+not+v1+ing+object+?

a)Were we not growing trees?

b)Was he not growing trees?

25)Past perfect tense affirmative—

Subject+had+v3+object

a)We had grown trees.

b)He had grown trees.

26)Past perfect tense negative—

Subject+had+not+v3+object

a)We had not grown trees.

b)He had not grown trees.

27)Past perfect tense interrogative—

Had+subject+v3+object+?

a)Had we grown trees?

b)Had he grown trees?

28)Past perfect tense interrogative negative—

Had+subject+not+v3+object+?

a)Had we not grown trees?

b)Had he not grown trees?

29)Past perfect continuous tense affirmative—

Subject +had +been+v1+ing+object+since/for+ time+ R.P.S.

a)We had been growing trees since long time.

b)He had been growing trees since long time.

30)Past perfect continuous tense negative—

Subject +had +not+been+v1+ing+object+since/for+ time+ R.P.S.

a)We had not been growing trees since morning.

b)He had not been growing trees since morning.

31)Past perfect continuous tense interrogative—

Had +subject+been+v1+ing+object+since/for+ time+ R.P.S.+?

a)Had we been growing trees since morning?

b)Had we been growing trees since morning?

32)Past perfect continuous tense interrogative negative—

Had +subject+not+been+v1+ing+object+since/for+ time+ R.P.S.+?

a)Had we not been growing trees since morning?

b)Had he not been growing trees since morning?

33)Simple future tense affirmative—

Subject +will/shall+v1+object

a)We will grow trees.

b)He will grow trees.

34)Simple future tense negative—

Subject +will/shall+not+v1+object

a)We will not grow trees.

b)He will not grow trees.

35)Simple future tense interrogative—

Will/shall+subject+v1+object+?

a)Will we grow trees?

b)Will he grow trees?

36)Simple future tense interrogative negative—

Will/shall+subject+not+v1+object+?

a)Will we not grow trees?

b)Will he not grow trees?

37)Future continuous tense affirmative—

Subject +will/shall +be +v1+ing+object.

a)We will be growing trees.

b)He will be growing trees.

38)Future continuous tense negative—

Subject +will/shall +not+ be +v1+ing+object.

a)We will not be growing trees.

b)He will not be growing trees.

39)Future continuous tense interrogative—

Will/shall +subject+ be +v1+ing+object?

a)Will we be growing trees?

b)Will he be growing trees?

40)Future continuous tense interrogative negative—

Will/shall +subject+ not+ be +v1+ing+object?

a)Will we not be growing trees?

b)Will he not be growing trees?

41)Future perfect tense affirmative—

Subject + will/shall+have+v3+object.

a)We will have grown trees.

b)He will have grown trees.

42)Future perfect tense negative—

Subject + will/shall+not+have+v3+object.

a)We will not have grown trees.

b)He will not have grown trees.

43)Future perfect tense interrogative—

Will/shall+subject+have+v3+object?

a)will we have grown trees?

b)Will he have grown trees?

44)Future perfect tense interrogative negative—

Will/shall+subject+not+have+v3+object+?

a)Will we not have grown trees?

b)Will he not have grown trees?

45)Future perfect continuous tense affirmative—

Subject +will/shall+have+been+v1+ing+object+since/for +time +R.P.S.

a)We will have been growing trees since long time.

b)He will have been growing trees since long time.

46)Future perfect continuous tense negative—

Subject +will/shall+not+have+been+v1+ing+object+since/for +time +R.P.S.

a)We will not have been growing trees since long time.

b)He will not have been growing trees since long time.

47)Future perfect continuous tense interrogative—

Will/shall+subject+have+been+v1+ing+object+since/for +time +R.P.S.+?

a)Will we have been growing trees since long time?

b)Will he have been growing trees since long time?

48)Future perfect continuous tense interrogative negative—

Will/shall+subject+not+have+been+v1+ing+object+since/for +time +R.P.S.+?

a)Will we not have been growing trees since long time?

b)Will he not have been growing trees since long time?

2)Transform the given sentence in 12 tenses affirmative , negative, interrogative and interrogative negative sentences(48)

Tense Exercise 1)They give better performance.

I)simple present—

1)They give better performance.

2)They do not give better performance.

3)Do they give better performance?

4)Do they not give better performance?

II)present continuous—

5)They are giving better performance.

6)They are not giving better performance.

7)Are they giving better performance?

8)Are they not giving better performance?

III)Present perfect—

9)They have given better performance.

10))They have not given better performance.

11))Have they given better performance?

12))Have they not given better performance?

IV)Present perfect continuous—

13)They have been giving better performance.

14)They have not been giving better performance.

15)Have they been giving better performance?

16)Have they not been giving better performance?

V)Simple past tense—

17)They gave better performance.

18)They did not give better performance.

19)Did they give better performance?

20)Did they not give better performance?

VI)Past continuous—

21)They are giving better performance.

22)They are not giving better performance.

23)Are they giving better performance?

24)Are they not giving better performance?

VII)Past perfect—

25)They had given better performance.

26)They had not given better performance.

27)Had they given better performance?

28)Had they not given better performance?

VIII)Past perfect continuous—

29)They had been giving better performance.

30)They had not been giving better performance.

31)Had they been giving better performance?

32)Had they not been giving better performance?

IX)Simple future tense—

33)They will give better performance.

34)They will not give better performance.

35)Will they give better performance?

36)Will they not give better performance?

X)Future continuous—

37)They will be giving better performance.

38)They will not be giving better performance.

39)Will they be giving better performance?

40)Will they not be giving better performance?

XI)Future perfect—

41)They will have given better performance.

42)They will not have given better performance.

43)Will they have given better performance?

44)Will they not have given better performance?

XII)Future perfect continuous—

45))They will have been giving better performance.

46)They will not have been giving better performance.

47)Will they have been giving better performance?

48)Will they not have been giving better performance?

More examples for practice of changing given sentence in 48 tense sentences.

Eg. 1)You break the table.

2)She tears the papers.

3)It runs very fast.

4)John works hard.

5)Sam asks questions.

6)My friends save time.

7)Her mother cooks delicious dishes.

8)Their teacher checks their home works,

9)Dogs bark at night.

10)I drive a car.

Conclusion for tense formula and exercise guide—

We have learnt the simplest method to remember 48 formulas of 12 tenses easily with example sentences.We have completed exercise of transforming one sentence into 48 sentences. It is very handy exercise to master tenses which I have personally used.

All the best from team learnhatkey.com

Dipak D. Jagtap: Always the learner.Having spent 16 years in English language training, its time now to reach the world to learn more and to share my experience and practices....
Related Post
Recent Posts