Wh questions with formula,examples

Shree Ganeshay Namah

Wh- type questions with examples


Wh- questions are those questions that begin with wh-words like what, when, where, how, why, who, whose, whom, which, how many, how much, how far, how long, etc.

Asking and answering questions correctly is a very handy skill to become an effective communicator in ENGLISH language. We have to know the right structure and grammar of each tense, especially the tense and sequence.

We often ask questions to know about something. Let’s know about the art of asking correct questions.

List of wh-words with their uses and examples.

Wh words Use of wh-word examples
1)What To find out direct

object In the sentences,

information about

Something and for repetition

or confirmation

1)What do you read daily?

2)What is your name?

3)What? I didn’t get that.

2)When To ask the time of an event,

activity, action or something.

1)When will you play?

2)When is your birthday?

3)When do you get up?

3)Where To ask about the place of

action or activity.

1)Where do you live?

2)Where is your car?

3)Where are you from?

4)Why To ask the reason of

an action or something

1)Why are you laughing?

2)Why did you go there?

3)Why do you give up?

5)How To ask about health, manner,

procedure, method,

way of doing something

1)How are you?

2)How do you draw this?

3)How does she read?

6)How many To ask the quantity

of the countable nouns

1)How many friends do you have?

2)How many students are there in your class?

3)How many books have you read?

7)How much To ask about the quantity

of uncountable nouns

1)How much water do you drink?

2)How much money do you spend daily?

3)How much food is left for me?

8)Who To know the subject(person)

and to ask about the person

1)Who opens the door?

2)Who are you?

3)Who helped you in your problems?

9)Whom To know the object (person),

the indirect object,

1)Whom do you want to meet?

2)Whom do you love?

3)Whom did you hurt?

10)Whose To ask about the ownership

of something

1)Whose is this?

2)Whose book is this?

3)Whose car is not in the parking?

11)How far To ask or talk about

the distance

1)How far can you run?

2)How far is your home from school?

3)How far did they reach?

12)How long To ask or talk about time 1)How long do you work?

2)How long did they wait for you?

3)How long will you study?

13)At what time Starting time of

the action

1)At what time does she come?
14)By what time Actual time of

the end of the action

2)By what time do you reach home?

Formula and structure of wh-questions

We should be careful while framing wh-questions as we can’t fit their structures in the same formulas.

Most of the wh-words have the same formula as follows

Wh-word+ helping verb+ subject+ main verb+ object/modifier/adverb+?

We will see some of the examples of this formula.

Eg. 1)What+ do+ you+ play+ with your friends+?

We can frame wh-questions with this formula for the following wh-words.

What, why, when, where, how, who

For remaining wh-words, we can use the following formula.

Wh-word+ singular/plural noun +helping verb +subject+ main verb+ object/remaining part of the question +?

Eg. 1)How many rooms are there in your home?

2)How far can you ride?

3)How much confidence do you have?

Now we will see how to frame wh-questions in each tense with 10 basic subjects in English.

10 basic subjects in English.






6)Plural noun




10)Singular noun

Exercise of Wh-questions in the simple present tense.

What do I/we/you/you/students/they play?

What does he/she/it/John play?

When do I/we/you/you/students/they play?

When does he/she/it/John play?

Why do I/we/you/you/students/they play?

Why does he/she/it/John play?

Where do I/we/you/you/students/they play?

Where does he/she/it/John play?

How do I/we/you/you/students/they play?

How does he/she/it/John play?

Exercise of Wh-questions in the simple past tense.

What did I/we/you/you/students/they play?

What did he/she/it/John play?

When did I/we/you/you/students/they play?

When did he/she/it/John play?

Why did I/we/you/you/students/they play?

Why did he/she/it/John play?

Where did I/we/you/you/students/they play?

Where did he/she/it/John play?

How did I/we/you/you/students/they play?

How did he/she/it/John play?

Exercise of Wh-questions in the simple future tense.

What will I/we/you/you/students/they play?

What will he/she/it/John play?

When will I/we/you/you/students/they play?

When will he/she/it/John play?

Why will I/we/you/you/students/they play?

Why will he/she/it/John play?

Where will I/we/you/you/students/they play?

Where will he/she/it/John play?

How will I/we/you/you/students/they play?

How will he/she/it/John play?

In the same way, we can make wh-questions in all the 12 active voice and 8 passive voice tenses.

How to frame wh-question to get underlined part as an answer?

Eg.1) He is playing cricket.

Answer- What is he playing?

The underlined word is an object and we use what to find out the object.

2)He plays cricket.

What does he play?

3) He played cricket.

What did he play?

4)He will play cricket.

What will he play?

5)He has finished work at 5.00 p.m.

When has he finished his work?

6)They went to visit their village.

Where did they go to visit?

7)He walks slowly.

How does he walk?

8)He was angry because of his mistakes.

Why was he angry?

9)You opened the gate.

Who opened the gate?

10) We have 5 books.

How many books do we have?

Learn more about yes-no type questions here.


So we can conclude that wh-questions can be formed by using wh-word+ helping verb+ subject+ main verb+ object+?

Some wh-words need nouns with them to form questions.

I hope it will help you.

With love+ respect from team learnhatkey.com

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