Cases of Human Metapneumovirus Surge

– Human Metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a respiratory virus that causes respiratory tract infections, primarily in children, the elderly, and individuals with weakened immune systems. – It was first identified in 2001 and is known to be highly contagious.

– HMPV spreads through respiratory droplets when an infected person coughs or sneezes. – It can also be contracted by touching surfaces contaminated with the virus and then touching the face.

Common signs and symptoms of HMPV infection include: – Coughing – Sneezing – Fever – Sore throat – Fatigue

In severe cases, HMPV can lead to: – Pneumonia – Bronchiolitis (inflammation of the small airways in the lungs) – Worsening of existing respiratory conditions

– Young children, the elderly, and individuals with weakened immune systems are at higher risk of developing severe complications from HMPV. – Other risk factors include chronic respiratory diseases and underlying medical conditions.

– HMPV infection can be diagnosed through laboratory tests, such as polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests. – Treatment primarily involves supportive care, including rest, hydration, and over-the-counter medications to alleviate symptoms. – In severe cases, hospitalization and specialized medical treatment may be necessary.

To prevent the spread of HMPV: – Wash hands frequently with soap and water for at least 20 seconds. – Use hand sanitizers containing at least 60% alcohol when soap and water are not available. – Cover mouth and nose with a tissue or elbow when coughing or sneezing. – Wear masks in crowded places or when social distancing is not possible.

– Currently, there is no specific vaccine available for HMPV. – However, maintaining up-to-date vaccinations against other respiratory viruses, such as influenza and pneumococcus, can reduce the risk of complications.

– Human Metapneumovirus (HMPV) is a respiratory virus that can cause mild to severe respiratory tract infections. – By following preventive measures, such as hand hygiene and mask-wearing, we can reduce the spread of HMPV and protect ourselves and others.